Family allowance

If you and/or your partner are part of the Belgian social security system (e.g. by working as an employee, being self-employed, or on unemployment benefits) you should be entitled to receive monthly family allowance payments (‘allocations familiales’ / ‘kinderbijslag’).

The family allowance system is managed at regional level, which means that it is the domicile of your child that determines which system they fall under.

In this section you can find out about the:

Other conditions may exist for families where one or more parent is an:

  • employee of a European institution, Eurocontrol or one of the European schools
  • employee of the UN, NATO and SHAPE

Some basic principles of family allowance payments

Am I entitled to receive family allowance? You are entitled to family allowance payments for each child in your household until the child reaches the age of 18 (or for those still studying, following an apprenticeship or seeking work until the age of 25).

Children with a handicap are entitled to higher payments until the age of 21.

The child must live in Belgium, in another EU country, or a country with which Belgium has an agreement regarding family allowance.
Who submits the application?The right to request family allowance goes in the following order:
  • the father;
  • the co-parent if she is older than the mother
  • the mother;
  • the step-father / step-mother
  • the oldest of the two parents if the adoptive parents are the same sex
  • the oldest of the following peopls
  • la plus âgée des personnes suivantes :
    • the mother's partner;
    • un des grands-parents de l'enfant (s'il fait partie du ménage),
    • an uncle or aunt of the child if they are domiciled together;
  • a brother, sister, half-brother or half-sister.
Who is the family allowance paid to?The family allowance is always paid to the (biological) mother.


If your child is domiciled in Brussels

If you are requesting family allowance for a first child, or are moving/have moved to Brussels, you can choose between one of five family allowance funds: Famiris, Infino Bruxelles, Parentia Bruxelles, Brussels Family or Kidslife Bruxelles.

From January 2022, all families will be free to choose the family allowance fund of their choice. Until then, if you are already receiving family allowance for at least one other child, you must stay with the same fund.

How to apply for family allowance?

Your application for family allowance is automatically submitted if:

  • you already have at least one child receiving family allowance; or
  • an ‘allocation de naissance’ (birth allowance) has already been paid before the birth.

You need to apply yourself if (you and) your children move(d) to Brussels. Find the necessary form on the website of the fund of your choice.

How much do I receive and when?

Family allowance amounts are paid monthly at the latest on the 8th day following the end of the month in question.

Funds usually have a simulator to see what your overall family allowance is/will be.


If your child is domiciled in Flanders

If your child is domiciled in Flanders, they are part of the ‘Groeipakket’ scheme, which brings together family allowances as well as allowances related to childcare, school attendance etc. The five family allowance funds offer similar services, and the amounts are identical across all funds: FONSInfinoKidsLife VlaanderenMyFamily or Parentia.

Children born:

  • before 1 January 2019 receive a Groeipakket based on their amounts of family allowance on 31 December 2018, and can also benefit from supplements included in the Groeipakket.
  • as from 1 January 2019 receive the amounts foreseen in the Groeipakket.

How to apply for family allowance?

Your application for family allowance for a child born in 2019 or later is automatically submitted if:

  • you already have a child receiving the Groeipakket; or
  • you have already requested a ‘startbedrag’ (birth allowance) from a payment fund of your choice, i.e. FONSInfinoKidsLife VlaanderenMyFamily or Parentia.

    You will receive the startbedrag / birth allowance no earlier than two months before the anticipated date of birth, and after the birth, the family allowance will be paid into your account each month.

You need to apply yourself if (you and) your children move(d) to Flanders after 1 January 2019. Find the necessary form on the website of the payment fund of your choice, i.e. FONSInfinoKidsLife VlaanderenMyFamily or Parentia.

How much do I receive and when?

Family allowance amounts are the same whichever payment fund you choose, and are paid monthly at the latest on the 8th day following the end of the month in question.

Funds usually have a simulator to see what your overall family allowance is/will be.

More information?

https://www.groeipakket.be/en/what-is-included-in-the-groeipakket


If your child is domiciled in Wallonia

In Wallonia, for a first child born in 2019 or later, you can choose between one of five different family allowance funds: Famiwal, Parentia, Camille, Kidslife or Infino.

It is not currently possible to change family allowance fund if you already receive family allowance in Wallonia – this will be possible as of January 2021.

Children born:

  • before 1 January 2020 will keep receiving the ‘old’ amounts until the end of their studies / 25th birthday;
  • as of 1 January 2020 will receive the ‘new’ family allowance amounts.

How to apply for family allowance?

Your application for family allowance is automatically submitted if:

  • you already have at least one child receiving family allowance; or
  • you have already requested an ‘allocation de naissance’ (birth allowance) from a payment fund of your choice.

You need to apply yourself if (you and) your children move(d) to Wallonia (whether from abroad or another part of Belgium) after 1 January 2019. Find the necessary form on the website of the payment fund of your choice.

How much do I receive and when?

Family allowance amounts are the same whichever payment fund you choose, and are paid monthly at the latest on the 8th day following the end of the month in question.

Funds usually have a simulator to see what your overall family allowance is/will be.

More information?


If your child is domiciled within German-speaking Belgium

The current system has been in place since 1 January 2019, and covers family allowance, birth allowance and adoption allowance.

More information?


Other situations

Employees of the European institutions, Eurocontrol and the European schools

If either you or your partner work for a European institution, Eurocontrol or one of the European schools, your right to Belgian family allowance via an employee or Belgian civil servant has priority over your right to any family allowance from your employer.

For example, John works for the European Commission and Claire is an employee on a Belgian contract. They live in Belgium with their three children. The family receives family allowance via Claire’s work as an employee.

An additional amount may be received from the European institution / Eurocontrol / European schools, after deduction of the amount already received from the Belgian state.


Employees of the UN, NATO and SHAPE

If either you or your partner work for the UN, NATO or SHAPE, your right to family allowance from one of these three organisations has priority over any right to Belgian family allowance.

You may still be entitled to receive Belgian family allowance via the professional activity of another member of the household. However, the amount receive from the UN, NATO or SHAPE is deducted from the amount you receive from the Belgian state.